For disposal of human waste, toilets are connected to sewer system so human waste is sent away with a single toilet flush and finally
hygiene is preserved at some degree. The act of flushing can send any fluidic waste easily
but solid wastes have resistance to be moved. To overcome solid waste resistance, design of cistern, design of flush pipe and
design of bowl plays an important rule. Flowing the right angle at the right time must be found to design a toilet. To calculate
how a fluid flows, VISAM 's labor force perform consumer testing on the freshly products that are designed in technical drawing.
Testing is repeated for thousands times and failing products eliminated.
Succeeding parts are always tested from time to time to check if any weakness has emerged. Toilet flush sound is also important so
acoustic test are added to queue of stress testing. Even toilet flush button is tested for failure.
New type of consumer tests are added as needed to stay loyal to newly developed world standards. These are some of the test VISAM conducts:
- Strain and torque.
- Prevention of backwards flow.
- Static pressure.
- Dynamic pressure.
- Entrance flow rate
- Water impact.
- Resistance to pressure.
- Acustic properties.
- Discharge volume.
- Fully discharge volume.
- Discharge rate
- And many more...
After exhausting long test procedures, VISAM 's reliable flushing cistern product are expected to be %60 toilet flush water saving, non-leaking, silent,
durable and hygienic. Referring to water saving properties, %60 saving is easily achieved thanks to the design of flush VISAM flushing cistern.
Water efficiency has always been important for VISAM and all tests except acoustics are done targeting water efficiency.
Today, as a result of the Global Warming our climate is changing day by day. Moreover the seasons are mostly dry.
So we need to focus on saving our water supplies by efficiency in all cases. Even though Turkey has faced water shortage.
Now we know that we must save the water and there is no patience for un-efficient water usage. Everyday we get up for a drier day.
But of course there is a solution for our next generation. We should use water efficiently and we should be careful about the points
that can cause water pollution.
Toilet Water Leaks
Water waste mostly happens at bathrooms and toilets. Because people care about hygiene at first step.
They don’t think about water waste at first then more and more water wasted. If you consider families 4 membered,
they approximately consume 200.000 liters of water annually. Toilet Flushing Cisterns consume 9 liters of waters in one flush generally
( This idea is evolving to more economic usage ). We need new developments like less consuming toilet cisterns.
In the European norms consumptions are divided to groups. Today it is also available 2 liters consumptions with the dual-flush cisterns.
So you can save up to 70% water that you consume at the toilets. You can do the math from now.
It is also important to use high quality raw materials while producing Flushing Mechanisms.
Any damage in the system can cause leaks which wastes tons of waters in a year.
If the rubber is not quality, you can pay much more. Think that this leak as 1 liters in a minute.
In a day this will be 1440 liters. If 4 flushing Cisterns will leak like this, in a year there will be 2102 m3 of water waste.
Which means 50x20x2 meters sized Olympic pool. So You should check your Flushing Cistern and If there is a leak, even it is a small one,
you should fix that. At the end, the best solution is to buy an economic ( low consuming dual flush or interruptable ) and quality
flushing cistern. Visam can be one of the best options in your toilets.
Today’s Habits That Will Boost Water Saving Ratios
- In 7 of 10 houses, people are used to wash the dishes by hand eventhough they have the dishwashers. Diswasher usage lowers consumption.
- Highly efficient machines save up to %35 to %50 water.
- Energy saving is not negligible.
- More time is spared.
- Also the taps with the photocell (automatic sensors) lowers the water consumption.
- While brushing your teeths and shaving, the faucett must be closed If not necessary.
This saves a %98 of water wasted in two minutes of teeth brushing.
- Do not flush the toilet If not necessary, especially not for small objects like insects, cigarettes and facial tissues. Always maintain flushing Cisterns.
- Having a VISAM flushing cistern in your bath saves even more up to 60% per flush. With interruptible models, ratio is even
greater. You just need to push the right toilet flush button.
- While washing fruits, do not always keep the faucett open, use a bowl and wash inside.
- Absoutely do not ignore leaking faucets, taps and toilets. A single faucet dripping at one drop per second speed,
is responsible for 11000 liters of extra water consumption a year.
- Use the Laundry machine fully filled only.
- Use the water efficiently when you are in the bathroom. You can use economic shower heads.
- Do not wash cars, balconies, carpets more water than needed. If necessary, use machines that are builded for this job
- If you use bathtubs, try to fill less as you can
- Hot water pipes should be thermally insulated to avoid wasting water while waiting for hot water at the faucet. Saves energy, time and water.
- Use same glass for drinking water for all day to decrease number of glasses to be washed.
- To water the garden, use well water If possible. Watering garden more deeper but less frequently, makes roots stronger, saves more water, saves your time and money.
Low Flow Flush Toilets
Toilets make our lives bearable with moving solid and fluid wastes far from home, but this has a cost.
Water is used to move wastes and water is valuable since we need it to live and for many things in life. Nearly a billion people from
developing countries need sanitation as much as water and this can be supported by not using excessive amounts of water in bathroom.
Numerous works on decreasing toilet flush water volume has led us to a point
where each flush is just six liters and is enough to clear any solid waste by intelligent flush cistern and bowl design.
Flushing more means flushing your money and thats why companies pay attention and money on research of less and less flow flush toilets. Non-low flush
forms %36 of in-house water consumption and this is greatly reduced by low flow flush toilets.
Waste removal, noise and design are important criterias to buy a low flow flush toilet and VISAM supports these highly.
High Efficiency Flush Toilets
Approaching to 2000s, toilet companies started adding user - options to cisterns for different scenarios. Dual flush option enables ability to
use less flush water when it is excessive the other way. One button makes very low flow flush while the other button is used for harder solid wastes.
Water bills diminish greatly this way. Interruptible flushing cisterns take water saving to even higher efficiency level where you can determine
volume of flush by interrupting process as you wish. All high efficiency flush toilets have this option and this is the ultimate water saving option when you need to move minimal waste in toilet. Billions of liters of water
is saved, by using these toilets, every day.
Gravity Flush Toilets
Especially for squatting-pan toilets, gravity is a nice enhancer for flush water flow rate to dispose and move harder solid wastes.
For gravity help, flushing cistern is suspended on a higher point such as ceiling and flush water is released into the toilet flush pipe.
This kind of toilets get help from siphon effect of "S" shaped drain pipe called "trapway" under the bowl. Once pressure of cistern flush starts the flow,
flow rate is maintained by the siphon effect of the falling water in the drain. All waste is sucked away from bowl and cistern's refill tube fills the bowl base for next usage.
Uncommon types use double trapped bowls for quieter flush.
Wash Down Toilets
Wash down toilets have a big pool of water in the bowl and flushing act is just releasing the water to sewers and all waste is moved with the water.
No siphonic effect occurs here. Water that is freely flowing, pushes solid wastes. Wash down toilets need more water to refill and splashing may occur when solid waste hits the water.
Wash down toilets do not clog.
Pressure Assisted Toilets
These toilets have an air tank in cistern and flushing is controlled by both air pressure from the tank and gravity. Extra water pressure leads to less flush water volume needed.
Generally having less maintenance support is disadvantageous, also flush noise and a very small chance of air tank explosion can be found distrubing. Efficiency is greater that other types.
There are also vacuum assisted models used in airplanes for lowest water consumption.
Height Of Toilet Bowl
Small children may not get used to standard height toilets. This is very important for preschool education and adult toilets' hygienic conditions should not be ignored .
Physically disabled people can use different heighted toilets easier if there is any constraint for using standard toilet bowls. At least
in public toilets, world standards should be taken into account.
Germs always breed in humid areas and bathroom is a good example. When you flush the toilet,
the already-grown bacteria colonies travel in micro drops that scatter around the toilet,
because fo this, shutting the lid before flushing has vital importance. The micro particles full
of germs can easily land on your toothbrush. You may not see any particles moving around but it is very easy for
small particles to fly around, to stick all surfaces and to contaminate hard-to-reach spots undetected. When bacteria spreads,
you figure out after its too late. Its very hard to have ultraviolet germicide radiation, sanitation machines, hygienic mats, disinfectant dispensers
and all others at once in your bathroom. Just shutting toilet seat lid saves you the trouble. Here is a list of bacteria found in your toilet:
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Staphylococus aureus
Fresh air overcomes humidity of toilets, so you should vantilate regularly preferably on daily basis and reduce growth of germs. Reducing growth of bacteria strikes
toilet related illness emergance. Then there is cleaning part on the list. Most important thing to do is, insulation of other bathroom accessories cleaning from toilet cleaning.
Separate cleaning tools must be prepared for toilet cleaning only, also you must wear cleaning gloves at the start. If the toilet is for public, you should wear goggle too, because eyes
are easy to be contaminated by micro particles containing bacterias.