Water Saving Flush Toilet Types
Flushing cisterns Product Stress Tests
Toilet Flush Quality Of Visam Products
visam staff photo


For disposal of human waste, toilets are connected to sewer system so human waste is sent away with a single toilet flush and finally hygiene is preserved at some degree. The act of flushing can send any fluidic waste easily but solid wastes have resistance to be moved. To overcome solid waste resistance, design of cistern, design of flush pipe and design of bowl plays an important rule. Flowing the right angle at the right time must be found to design a toilet. To calculate how a fluid flows, VISAM 's labor force perform consumer testing on the freshly products that are designed in technical drawing. Testing is repeated for thousands times and failing products eliminated. Succeeding parts are always tested from time to time to check if any weakness has emerged. Toilet flush sound is also important so acoustic test are added to queue of stress testing. Even toilet flush button is tested for failure. New type of consumer tests are added as needed to stay loyal to newly developed world standards. These are some of the test VISAM conducts:

After exhausting long test procedures, VISAM 's reliable flushing cistern product are expected to be %60 toilet flush water saving, non-leaking, silent, durable and hygienic. Referring to water saving properties, %60 saving is easily achieved thanks to the design of flush VISAM flushing cistern. Water efficiency has always been important for VISAM and all tests except acoustics are done targeting water efficiency.

Water Efficiency

Today, as a result of the Global Warming our climate is changing day by day. Moreover the seasons are mostly dry. So we need to focus on saving our water supplies by efficiency in all cases. Even though Turkey has faced water shortage. Now we know that we must save the water and there is no patience for un-efficient water usage. Everyday we get up for a drier day. But of course there is a solution for our next generation. We should use water efficiently and we should be careful about the points that can cause water pollution.

How Much Water Do I Use Daily – Monthly And Annually In Cisterns?

Toilet Water Leaks

Water waste mostly happens at bathrooms and toilets. Because people care about hygiene at first step. They don’t think about water waste at first then more and more water wasted. If you consider families 4 membered, they approximately consume 200.000 liters of water annually. Toilet Flushing Cisterns consume 9 liters of waters in one flush generally ( This idea is evolving to more economic usage ). We need new developments like less consuming toilet cisterns. In the European norms consumptions are divided to groups. Today it is also available 2 liters consumptions with the dual-flush cisterns. So you can save up to 70% water that you consume at the toilets. You can do the math from now.

It is also important to use high quality raw materials while producing Flushing Mechanisms. Any damage in the system can cause leaks which wastes tons of waters in a year. If the rubber is not quality, you can pay much more. Think that this leak as 1 liters in a minute. In a day this will be 1440 liters. If 4 flushing Cisterns will leak like this, in a year there will be 2102 m3 of water waste. Which means 50x20x2 meters sized Olympic pool. So You should check your Flushing Cistern and If there is a leak, even it is a small one, you should fix that. At the end, the best solution is to buy an economic ( low consuming dual flush or interruptable ) and quality flushing cistern. Visam can be one of the best options in your toilets.

Today’s Habits That Will Boost Water Saving Ratios

Flush Toilet Types

Low Flow Flush Toilets

Toilets make our lives bearable with moving solid and fluid wastes far from home, but this has a cost. Water is used to move wastes and water is valuable since we need it to live and for many things in life. Nearly a billion people from developing countries need sanitation as much as water and this can be supported by not using excessive amounts of water in bathroom.

Numerous works on decreasing toilet flush water volume has led us to a point where each flush is just six liters and is enough to clear any solid waste by intelligent flush cistern and bowl design. Flushing more means flushing your money and thats why companies pay attention and money on research of less and less flow flush toilets. Non-low flush forms %36 of in-house water consumption and this is greatly reduced by low flow flush toilets.

Waste removal, noise and design are important criterias to buy a low flow flush toilet and VISAM supports these highly.

High Efficiency Flush Toilets

Approaching to 2000s, toilet companies started adding user - options to cisterns for different scenarios. Dual flush option enables ability to use less flush water when it is excessive the other way. One button makes very low flow flush while the other button is used for harder solid wastes. Water bills diminish greatly this way. Interruptible flushing cisterns take water saving to even higher efficiency level where you can determine volume of flush by interrupting process as you wish. All high efficiency flush toilets have this option and this is the ultimate water saving option when you need to move minimal waste in toilet. Billions of liters of water is saved, by using these toilets, every day.

Gravity Flush Toilets

Especially for squatting-pan toilets, gravity is a nice enhancer for flush water flow rate to dispose and move harder solid wastes. For gravity help, flushing cistern is suspended on a higher point such as ceiling and flush water is released into the toilet flush pipe.

Siphonic Toilets

This kind of toilets get help from siphon effect of "S" shaped drain pipe called "trapway" under the bowl. Once pressure of cistern flush starts the flow, flow rate is maintained by the siphon effect of the falling water in the drain. All waste is sucked away from bowl and cistern's refill tube fills the bowl base for next usage. Uncommon types use double trapped bowls for quieter flush.

Wash Down Toilets

Wash down toilets have a big pool of water in the bowl and flushing act is just releasing the water to sewers and all waste is moved with the water. No siphonic effect occurs here. Water that is freely flowing, pushes solid wastes. Wash down toilets need more water to refill and splashing may occur when solid waste hits the water. Wash down toilets do not clog.

Pressure Assisted Toilets

These toilets have an air tank in cistern and flushing is controlled by both air pressure from the tank and gravity. Extra water pressure leads to less flush water volume needed. Generally having less maintenance support is disadvantageous, also flush noise and a very small chance of air tank explosion can be found distrubing. Efficiency is greater that other types. There are also vacuum assisted models used in airplanes for lowest water consumption.

Height Of Toilet Bowl

Small children may not get used to standard height toilets. This is very important for preschool education and adult toilets' hygienic conditions should not be ignored .

Physically disabled people can use different heighted toilets easier if there is any constraint for using standard toilet bowls. At least in public toilets, world standards should be taken into account.

Toilet Hygiene

Germs always breed in humid areas and bathroom is a good example. When you flush the toilet, the already-grown bacteria colonies travel in micro drops that scatter around the toilet, because fo this, shutting the lid before flushing has vital importance. The micro particles full of germs can easily land on your toothbrush. You may not see any particles moving around but it is very easy for small particles to fly around, to stick all surfaces and to contaminate hard-to-reach spots undetected. When bacteria spreads, you figure out after its too late. Its very hard to have ultraviolet germicide radiation, sanitation machines, hygienic mats, disinfectant dispensers and all others at once in your bathroom. Just shutting toilet seat lid saves you the trouble. Here is a list of bacteria found in your toilet:

Fresh air overcomes humidity of toilets, so you should vantilate regularly preferably on daily basis and reduce growth of germs. Reducing growth of bacteria strikes toilet related illness emergance. Then there is cleaning part on the list. Most important thing to do is, insulation of other bathroom accessories cleaning from toilet cleaning. Separate cleaning tools must be prepared for toilet cleaning only, also you must wear cleaning gloves at the start. If the toilet is for public, you should wear goggle too, because eyes are easy to be contaminated by micro particles containing bacterias.

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